for a Cure — We Have to Beat Breast
know I hate cancer. No one wants to
be in the club, yet every day someone
else is initiated without a request.
It has been three years since we had
our first Race for the Cure team for
the Susan G. Komen event in Akron.
Well, I have re-signed up our
ST8PACS team on the site and
registered to participate in the 5K
walk. This year’s event will be
Saturday, July 23 at Canal Park.
Why are we involved?
in eight women in the US will be
Because every minute someone dies of
Breast cancer knows no boundaries—be
it age, gender,
Consider going to
register and join the ST8PACS team
Until next month remember, in 1980,
the five-year survival rate for
women diagnosed with early stage
breast cancer was 74%. Today it is
99% because so many people have
helped to raise money for awareness,
having mammograms, and the research
to help end breast cancer.
Elizabeth Z. Bartz
President and CEO
Oregon Passes Part of Transparency Agenda
Renae Bomba, Esq.,
Brown signed House Bill 4134 to require lobbyists to file
registration statements within three business days of commencing or
ceasing representation of a client. The bill also requires each
person employing a lobbyist to sign a designation of official
authorization to lobby within 10 calendar days after the lobbyist
files the registration statement. Additionally, the new law will
make lobbyist registration statements available in a searchable
format on the internet one calendar day after the information is
filed with the Government Ethics Commission. The bill has an
emergency clause, making it effective immediately; however, the bill
applies to lobbyist registration statements filed on or after
January 1, 2017.
the 2017 effective date, lobbyists only have to register with the
commission within 10 business days after commencing or ceasing
representation of a client. There is no prescribed time limit for
employer signature of the designation of official authorization.
was introduced by Brown as part of her ethics reform and
transparency agenda. Brown took office in February 2015 after her
predecessor, John Kitzhaber, resigned from office amid an influence
peddling scandal. The bill passed both houses with wide support.
As part of
the push for greater transparency, three other ethics reform
measures introduced by Brown became law in the 2015 session. Eight
other ethics bills, introduced by Republicans, died in committees.
The successful bills expanded the Oregon Government Ethics
Commission, clarified that a governor’s partner is a public official
who must file economic conflict-of-interest forms, and directed the
secretary of state to conduct audits on public records disclosures.
legislative session was a short session lasting only 35 days. There
have been calls in the state for more sweeping ethics and public
records reforms in the next full legislative session in 2017.
Summary of Changes UPDATE
Note Recent Changes to
Michael Beckett, Esq., Research
On March 31, a bill passed by the Legislature to overhaul campaign
finance laws was signed by Gov. Doug Ducey. Senate Bill 1516 allows
groups registered with the IRS as social welfare organizations to
withhold disclosing donor information, removes spending caps on
expenditures for political fundraisers, and allows for
candidate-to-candidate transfers of campaign funds. The law becomes
effective January 1, 2017.
CALIFORNIA: At its March 17
meeting, the Fair Political Practices Commission (FPPC) passed an
amendment to lobbying regulations narrowing the “ride along”
exception to the definition of direct communication for
registration. The new amendment limits the ride along exception to
employees of the lobbyist employer who participate in the meeting or
communication as a subject matter expert.
COLUMBUS, OHIO: City Council
passed three new pieces of ethics legislation on Monday, March 28,
strengthening financial disclosure provisions and amending city
campaign finance and lobbying laws. Ordinance 0084-2016 requires
lobbyists to file updated registration statements in January, May,
and September of each year. Knowingly failing to register as a
lobbyist will be a third degree misdemeanor, while knowingly filing
a false statement will be a misdemeanor of the first degree.
Although state campaign finance laws apply to municipal elections,
Ordinance 0087-2016 requires additional election period communication
disclosure statements to be filed with the Franklin County Board of
Elections and with the city clerk if contributions or expenditures
for the reporting period equal or exceed $10,000. Among other
0086-2016 expands financial disclosure requirements
for public officeholders and candidates, requiring a description of
each gift or aggregate of gifts over $75 from certain sources. All
three ordinances go into effect September 28, 2016.
INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA: The
City-County Council has passed a proposal to amend
Indianapolis-Marion County ethics and lobbying laws. The proposal
creates employment restrictions and post-employment restrictions for
city-county employees and certain officials. A current official, the
deputy mayor, and any individual with appointment authority may not
be employed by or work as a subcontractor for any person with a
contract or arrangement with an agency. Moreover, former employees
must wait one year before being employed as a lobbyist following
termination of employment with the city or county. All government
contracts will require vendors to certify adherence to the
employment restrictions. The proposal also adds things of value to
the list of reportable lobbyist gifts and requires lobbyists to list
the name of the official, appointee, or employee receiving a
reportable gift. Lastly, the proposal amends penalties for lobbyists
and their firms for registration, reporting, and ethics violations.
KENTUCKY: The Kentucky Registry
of Election Finance (KREF) cannot enforce the state's constitutional
prohibition on corporate contributions, according to a federal
judge. U.S. District Judge Gregory F. Van Tatenhove concluded the
rule to be a violation of the Equal Protection Clause because it
prohibits corporate contributions while allowing other
organizations, such as labor unions, to make contributions. The
case, Protect My Check, Inc. v. Dilger, grew out of
right-to-work legislation. Labor unions who opposed the bill were
allowed to make political contributions while a nonprofit
corporation, in favor of the measure, were not. The judge, however,
rejected a First Amendment, free speech argument for allowing
political contributions. KREF stated it is still reviewing the
opinion and is weighing its options.
Legislation We Are
At any given time, more than 1,000 legislative bills, which can
affect how you do business as a government affairs professional, are
being discussed in federal, state, and local jurisdictions. These
bills are summarized in State and Federal Communications' digital
encyclopedias for lobbying laws, political contributions, and
procurement lobbying and can be found in the client portion of our
Summaries of major bills are also included in monthly email updates
sent to all clients. The chart below shows the number of bills we
are tracking in regard to lobbying laws, political contributions,
and procurement lobbying.
Number of Jurisdictions
W E B S I T E
T I P
Ready for Spring cleaning? Would you really like to
purge old information you have in those files, but
afraid you might get rid of something important?
Guidance can be found on State and Federal’s website.
The Lobbying Laws and Political Contributions
publications both contain information on document
retention policies. In the Lobbying Laws publication,
document retention information can be found under the
Important Features of the Law heading. In the Political
Contributions publication, the document retention
policies are found under the Registration and Reports
Required heading. So clear out those files and rest
Aggregation of Contribution Limits
Federal Communications’ Experts Answer Your Questions
is your chance to “Ask the Experts” at State and Federal
Communications, Inc. Send your questions to
(Of course, we have always been available to answer
questions from clients that are specific to your needs, and
we encourage you to continue to call or email us with
questions about your particular company or organization. As
always, we will confidentially and directly provide answers
or information you need.) Our replies are not legal advice,
just our analysis of laws, rules, and regulations.
My employer is a wholly owned subsidiary
of a parent corporation. Does a parent corporation, a
subsidiary, or other affiliated entity have its own
contribution limit or must the contributions be
aggregated and have a shared limit?
is a very important question that must be addressed when
making a contribution, particularly when there is a
hierarchy to the corporate structure. If a limit is
shared, the parent, subsidiary, or other affiliated
entity must have an open line of communication when it
comes to making political contributions.
In New York,
each affiliated or subsidiary corporation, if a separate
legal entity, has its own limit.
contributions made by certain combinations of affiliated
individuals, entities, and committees must be
aggregated. It all comes down to a matter of control:
contributions of an entity whose contributions are
directed and controlled by any individual must be
aggregated with contributions made by that
individual and any other entity whose contributions
are directed and controlled by the same individual.
If two or
more entities make contributions directed and
controlled by a majority of the same persons, the
contributions of those entities must be aggregated.
Contributions made by entities majority-owned by any
person must be aggregated with the contributions of
the majority owner and all other entities majority-owned by that person, unless those entities act
independently in their decision to make
California, a parent and subsidiary share a contribution
limit if the decision to make a contribution is directed
and controlled by a majority of the same persons. If
the parent and subsidiary act wholly independently of each
other in deciding to make a contribution, the parent and
subsidiary each have their own limit.
In New Jersey,
if a corporation has subsidiaries, affiliates, branches,
or locals, then the contributions of these organizations
cannot exceed the applicable contribution limit in the
aggregate. Two or more corporations will be
conclusively deemed to be affiliated if:
individual, corporation, partnership, company,
association, or other entity owns, directly or
indirectly, more than a 30 percent interest in each
of such corporations; or
such corporation owns, directly or indirectly, more
than a 30 percent interest in the other such
These are just a few examples of aggregation of limits.
As we always advise, verify the rules in your state
before making political contributions.
State and Federal
Celebrates Staff Anniversaries
At the April State and Federal
Communications, Inc. Staff Meeting, Elizabeth
acknowledged the employment anniversaries of
Shamus Williams, Esq., Compliance Associate, and
Mandy Lebus, Compliance Assistant. Congratulations
Kent State University Public Relations
alums attended the
2016 YouToo Social Media Conference in April.
State and Federal Communications
President and CEO Elizabeth Z. Bartz received the PLEN
(Public Leadership Education Network) Mentor Award in
Washington, D.C., in a recent ceremony honoring
exemplary leaders committed to education.
Elizabeth was recognized for her outstanding commitment
to mentoring the next generation of women leaders in
public policy careers. PLEN is the only national
organization with the sole focus of preparing college
women for leadership in the public policy arena.
Jasmine Wyatt, Ohio's 2016 Cherry Blossom
Princess, is from Akron and attended St. Vincent St.
Mary High School
and Harvard. She has worked as a
congressional page, Akron Mayor office intern, and
promotes volunteerism. Wyatt represented Ohio in the Cherry Blossom Parade in
Washington, D.C. on April 16.
We were proud to be her sponsor.
Plan to say hello at future
events where State and Federal
will be attending and/or
speaking regarding compliance issues.
May 2 Staff Event--Akron
Rubber Ducks Game vs. Trenton, Akron, OH
Go Red for Women Event, Akron, OH
WGR Spring Reception, Washington, DC
Akron Roundtable - Dr. Johnnetta B. Cole, Akron,
May 19 PAC PALS Spring
Reception, Washington, DC
NCSL Executive Committee Spring Meeting,
May 30 Memorial Day, Office
Closed, Akron, OH
May 31-June 2
PLI Program, New York City, NY
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The Mission of State
and Federal Communications is
to make sure that your
organization can say, "I Comply."
We are the leading
authority and exclusive information source
legislation and regulations surrounding campaign finance
and political contributions; state, federal, and
municipal lobbying; and procurement lobbying.
Contact us to learn how
conveniently our services will allow you to say "I
Comply" for your compliance activities.